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Whatever you thinkArtificial intelligence(AI) is coming for your business or not, it is here to stay. And the most active of all AIs is ChatGPT. Although it is capable of many things, should ChatGPT write your resume?
Consider the compelling results of ChatGPT. Recruittest the documents generated by ChatGPTand revealed that they were given interviews. ANDone votefound that out of 1,000 job seekers, 46% say they use ChatGPT to write theirproprietary lettersIresumes. Of these, 78% say they got an interview and 59% say they were hired. Additionally, nearly 70% of job seekers report a higher response rate from companies when they use ChatGPT to help with their application.
But does that mean ChatGPT is the right choice for you and your resume? Could be. We conducted a series of experiments and put ChatGPT to the test writing and rewriting resumes.
- What is ChatGPT and what is it for?
- Using ChatGPT to write your resume
- Using the paid version of ChatGPT to write your resume
- Using ChatGPT to write the right resume
- Do you need ChatGPT to write your CV?
What is ChatGPT and what is it for?
ChatGPT is built onnatural language processing(NLP). In short, the bot is trained to understand text as humans understand it. It "learns" by using datasets or large amounts of information that "teach" artificial intelligence how to recognize patterns. From that training, the AI learns how to make a response that seems relatively lifelike and, in most cases, reasonable.
>>MERE: What is machine learning?
Using ChatGPT to write your resume
Using ChatGPT consists of two parts: query and output. A prompt is where you ask ChatGPT your question and the result is an answer. For our first round of testing, we gave ChatGPT some basic instructions: Write a resume to X. Here's what we got.
Entry Level Software Developer:
Introductory Financial Analyst:
The deck of the pirate ship:
Overall, these resumes are just OK. The main problem is that they are generally nothing more than a job seeker's job summary. None of these resumes describe how the candidate used their skills and abilities or what the positive outcome was.
>>MERE:How to write a CV
For example, a software developer's resume says: "Improved application performance by implementing efficient data processing algorithms.” That’s a good thing to point out to a potential employer, but it doesn’t explain how much performance has improved.
The same goes for a pirate sailor's CV. It lists specific skills, such as sword fighting, raiding, and treasure hunting, but it doesn't say anythinghowthe sailor used these skills orWhyit means something to the captain or the rest of the crew.
These resumes also include things that areit is no longer necessary. A software resume includes the phrase "references available upon request," a financial analyst resume includes a street and address, and a seaman resume includes all references with names and phone numbers.
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There's nothing wrong with including them, but they take up valuable real estate on a short document. It is better to include information about your skills and achievements than to mention that you have themprofessional referencesready to go.
But the biggest problem with these resumes is that they are completely made up iehallucinations. ChatGPT invented work histories, job assignments, diplomas, certificates and references!
All of these resumes are short, but we're willing to take the blame for that. We gave ChatGPT very broad instructions, which probably led to the hallucinations. Chat GPT was forced to fill in the blanks and predict what a financial analyst or seaman CV would look like. And since ChatGPT had to make broad guesses, it couldn't be more specific than "improved performance".
This is a common experience. Bonnie Dilber, Recruiting Manager at Zapier says, "When I originally asked ChatGPT to write a resume list, it didn't include any metrics."
Using the paid version of ChatGPT to write your resume
When ChatGPT-4 came out, we wondered how much the bot had improved. Would it produce better resumes worth the $20/month investment?
GPT-4 Resume Writing Experiment #1
Our first request was for a starting CVfinancial analyst. Here's what GPT-4 produced:
This is a very long resume full of hallucinations. It took about five screenshots to capture everything, compared to two screenshots from the previous version. When we pasted the output into a Google Doc and formatted it (Arialfont, size 11), was just over three pages long. It still includes things you don't need on your resume, like your full address, "references available upon request," and a goal.
>>MERE: How long should a CV be in 2022?￼
GPT-4 placed the education section before the experience section. While not wrong, you are generally putting education ahead of experiencecurriculum vitae (CV). Recruiters are usually more interested in your skills and abilities than where you went to school.
The skills section of this resume is divided into two categories, such as what you can work withfunctional CV. However, this takes up a lot. The section is “Skills” and is further divided into “Technical”, “Quantitative andAnalytical skills, I"Announcementand teamwork.” As you differentiate yourhard and soft skillsmay be useful to the reader, it is probably better to condense this section into something smaller or include it as part of the professional summary.
>>MERE: 7 types of CV: Which one is right for you?
The skills section also does not include measurable results. Review strongMicrosoft Excelskills (like pivot tables) is a smart idea. But you need to explain how you use your Excel skills at work or school. And it's better to tie your skills to a specific job or educational experience (like a project) whenever possible. This helps the reader understand where you learned the skills. Did you learn them on the job or on your own?
>>MERE:Learn Microsoft Excel skills.Read more about Goldman Sachs Excel Skills for Business Virtual Job Simulation.
GPT-4 Resume Writing Experiment #2
Of course, we couldn't do our experiment without looking for a pirate's resume:
Although this resume is shorter, it contains many of the concerns listed above. However, GPT-4 does a better job of explaining how a sailor uses his skills to benefit the entire crew compared to the previous version.
See the "Skills and Abilities" section. Although skills and abilities are listed, which you wouldn't normally do on a resume, look at number six: Caretaker Duties. This is neither a skill nor an ability. It's a job requirement and in the wrong section (or the section is mislabeled), but the resume explains how the sailor uses his skills and abilities to help the team:
Guardian duties:Sharp vision and attention to detail that ensures timely identification of potential threats or targets.
Although it's a little clunky, it's not bad. It's a decent example of quantifying your skills into measurable results. A better version could be:
Sharp vision and attention to detail:Ensure timely identification of potential threats or targets while on lookout.
The resume first highlights your skills, how you used your skills to help the team, and then lists the duties of the role.
Using ChatGPT to write aGenuineContinue
Asking GPT-4 to make a resume is fun. But none of our experiments are for real people, which explains the hallucinations.
So what happens when your listing consists of real information for a real person? Can you bring your CV into ChatGPT and improve it?
I tested my resume and asked ChatGPT to improve it.
How ChatGPT Rewrote My Resume
I entered parts of my CV into ChatGPT and asked him to improve the document.
The first thing I noticed was that ChatGPT wrote his entire resume in the past tense. It is fine with meEarlierpositions, but not mineRight nowone. I'm doing all those things right now!
But apart from the grammatical error, the transcripts were just OK.
Take this point for example. I have, "Produce content according to calendar deadlines." It's not great (I could do better), but it's true. ChatGPT changed it to "Managed Content Production Calendar." There's no doubt that it's an improvement, and it's exactly what I've been looking for from ChatGPT. But it's not true, not even a little bit, and I wouldn't feel comfortable bringing it up as part of a job application.
Improvement of ChatGPT-4 improvements
But again, the blame lies with me. I gave ChatGPT a very general query. So I tried to study my posts to see if I could improve the ChatGPT improvements.
I asked ChatGPT to rewrite this point. I chose it because it's short and doesn't include any metrics or explain the importance of locating and interviewing subject matter experts:
This is pretty good. That's a bit of an exaggeration, but it's a fair assessment of the process. It does a good job of explaining how I reach out to experts and why I interview them for articles. My only complaint is that it's too long to list and will need some trimming before it's on my resume.
After some experimentation, I've come to the conclusion that part of the problem with relying on ChatGPT for resume writing is that it seems to make assumptions based on input. For example, I asked him to write a point about my SEO writing:
This is both true and false. I seamlessly integrate the targeted keyword and use internal links. However, the ChatGPT rework also describes how I use on-page SEO techniques such as meta phrases and header tags, and how I perform "extensive keyword research."
While these activities are part of effective SEO writing, I did not do any of them in that particular role. I think ChatGPT made assumptions based on my inclusion of "SEO". So I asked him to try again, only this time I specified which aspects of SEO to ignore:
This is a little better. It takes away the hallucinations of what I was doing in that role. However, I would probably delete the other part of the bullet. I didn't have access to metrics and can't confirm if my SEO copy improved rankings, increased traffic, or improved visibility and content visibility (but I hope so!).
Do you need ChatGPT to write your CV?
Overall, these results were decent but not spectacular. It took a few tries to get a result that didn't exaggerate or inflate what I was doing, and even more attempts to get ChatGPT to not include things I wasn't doing at all. Given how much time I spent redirecting ChatGPT, I might have been better off using the original output as a blueprint and rewriting my resume without AI help.
Dilber had a similar experience. After ChatGPT gave her the first resume points, she asked him to "rewrite those points with examples of results and metrics," and got a better response. But she also cautions that even with a "better answer," you should take the time to review and rewrite ChatGPT's output.
"You always want to edit for accuracy to make sure you're not misrepresenting your work and to make sure it sounds like you. As a candidate, you want to stand out from the crowd. Many people use ChatGPT, so if you just send what it generates, your resume and cover letter will probably be the same as everyone else's,” she says.
So should you even bother using ChatGPT to write your CV?
"Job seekers should use ChatGPT as a starting point to break the void of a blank page, not as a way to craft a finished resume," advises Miles Jennings, founder of Recruiter.com. "For example, if you're trying to be a graphic designer, ask him to write a great resume for an early career graphic designer. But it goes from there. Paste the result into a Google Doc and edit it as much as possible. "
So if you're struggling with the first few steps or need help paraphrasing a messy point, ChatGPT can be a great writing prompt, outline generator, and general guide to help you write your resume. But you should not rely on the result. ChatGPT hallucinates - sometimes despite your best efforts. And if you include these hallucinations on your resume, you may find yourself being asked about skills and abilities you don't actually possess in an interview.
Learn more ways to use ChatGPT in your job search:
- We asked ChatGPT for cover letters. Here's What's Right (and Wrong)
- Should you use ChatGPT for conversation advice?
- How to use ChatGPT in your job search
- Can you use ChatGPT to prepare for technical interviews?
Image credit: Canva
Read more from Rachel Pelt
Rachel Pelta is a senior writer at Forage. She was previously a content specialist at FlexJobs, where she wrote articles for job seekers and employers. Her work has been featured in Fast Company, The Ladders, MSN and Money Talks News.
Consider ChatGPT's compelling results. A recruiter put ChatGPT-generated documents to the test and found that they landed interviews. And one survey found that out of 1,000 job seekers, 46% say they are using ChatGPT to write their cover letters and resumes.How do I tailor my resume to job description on ChatGPT? ›
2/ Tailor Your Resume ChatGPT can help personalize your resume for a target role. Just say: "Please personalize my resume for this [Job Title] role at [Company]. Here is the job description: [Paste Job Description].What mistakes should one never make while writing resume? ›
- Typos and Grammatical Errors. ...
- Lack of Specifics. ...
- Attempting the "One–Size–Fits–All" Approach. ...
- Highlighting Duties Instead of Accomplishments. ...
- Going on Too Long or Cutting Things Too Short. ...
- Bad Summary. ...
- No Action Verbs. ...
- Leaving Off Important Information.
You can detect Chat GPT-written text using online tools like OpenAI API Key. The tool comes from Open AI, itself, the company that made Chat GPT. It's worth noting that the app isn't perfect.Can ChatGPT write a job application? ›
Writing a tailored cover letter based on each particular job you apply to is a smart tactic. But unfortunately, it takes far too much time. With the help of ChatGPT, job seekers can now write a cover letter instantly that showcases their key skills and why they are the right person for a position.Is tailoring your resume worth it? ›
Tailoring your resume proves to recruiters that you're an experienced professional. Most importantly, it shows them that you're the perfect fit for this role.What looks bad on a resume? ›
Doesn't Quantify Accomplishments
A bad resume lacks both measurable and individualized outcomes. Instead of listing the tasks you perform or talking about your company's accomplishments, explain how you used your skills to create measurable results for your employer.
1. Having spelling errors and bad grammar. Whether you proofread it yourself, or get somebody else to, checking over your CV from start to finish can be the difference between being accepted and being rejected.What makes a bad resume a bad? ›
While not all bad resumes look alike, some common qualities of bad resume examples are being messy, disorganized layout, being too long, using an unprofessional font, or simply having uninspired content.How do you say you have no experience but willing to learn? ›
Discuss your qualifications
As you have no direct experience, you can discuss your academic qualifications and extracurricular activities. Ensure you're specific about the details you provide and highlight how your limited qualifications can still benefit the employer.
You can find a job without a resume. It is not mandatory. However, having a resume works well for you.What is a good summary for a resume? ›
An effective resume summary follows this formula: Professional Title (if relevant) + Key Experiences (with the total number of years worked) + Top Achievements (preferably measurable results) + Top Skills/Expertise/Unique Values (relevant to the job and industry).Can professors tell if you use ChatGPT? ›
Whether or not universities will know if you have copied code from ChatGPT, is tricky to answer. Technically, code will not be flagged by most plagiarism detectors, so your professors may have some difficulty actually identifying what is AI-generated or not. They may be suspicious, though.Does ChatGPT give the same answer to everyone? ›
No, ChatGPT does not give the exact same answer and wording to everyone who asks the same question. While it may generate similar responses for identical or similar queries, it can also produce different responses based on the specific context, phrasing, and quality of input provided by each user.Can you get caught using ChatGPT? ›
Using ChatGPT to write essays can have both pros and cons. While it can save time and provide new ideas, it can also result in plagiarism, limit creativity, and result in getting caught using chat gpt.Is ChatGPT free? ›
Yes, the basic version of ChatGPT is completely free to use.Who can use ChatGPT? ›
Anyone can use ChatGPT! More and more tech companies and search engines are utilizing the chatbot to automate text or quickly answer user questions/concerns.What are some of the limitations of ChatGPT? ›
- Incorrect answers.
- Biased answers.
- Lack of human insight.
- Overly long (wordy) answers.
- Assign a Role. ...
- Define Your Communication Channel and Target Audience. ...
- Chained Prompts. ...
- Format Your Output in Markdown. ...
- Use ChatGPT to Generate Its Own Prompts. ...
- Let Your Personality Shine by Adding Some Character to the Response. ...
- Chain-of-Thought Prompting.
ChatGPT's advanced AI capabilities allow it to generate eloquent, human-like sentences in seconds — and it's free. You can ask the chatbot to write a customized resume based on a job description and it will produce a nearly complete document just missing a few basic details, like your name and address.
ChatGPT, in full Chat Generative Pre-training Transformer, software that allows a user to ask it questions using conversational, or natural, language.How to use ChatGPT for free? ›
You need to create an account on the OpenAI website to log in and access ChatGPT. If you've never created an account before, click on Sign up and follow the prompts to enter your information. OpenAI does require a valid phone number for verification to create an account.How much does it cost to edit resume? ›
Professional resume writing services range from $100 to $1000+, with the average price around $200. The cost of a resume writing service depends on your level of experience, with entry-level resumes costing less than mid-level and executive-level applications.How long should a resume be? ›
Your resume is your professional calling card. Learn what length it should be and how to keep it focused and impactful. Most resumes should be between one and two pages long. But, some can be three pages or more.Does it matter how my resume looks? ›
Colorful paper and flashy gimmicks will not get your resume read by hiring managers, but good content set up in a presentable format will. A successful resume is a good combination of strong information presented in a way that is easy to read.What is the most common resume lies? ›
College degree (or equivalent): 41% Personal details, such as age, location or name: 39.5% High school details: 39.2% Salary information: 33.6%What are 3 things to never write on a resume that can ruin your chances of getting hired? ›
- Irrelevant hobbies and interests. ...
- Too many soft skills. ...
- Your professional headshot. ...
- First-person pronouns. ...
- The wrong kind of email. ...
- Your mailing address (if you're applying out-of-state)
Including too much information: As per a study, recruiters have observed that usually, candidates put too much personal information in a resume, just like Nationality, Marital Status, Height, Weight, etc. By putting such information in your resume can be termed in a negative way.What is the weakest thing in your resume? ›
- Incomplete degree.
- Irrelevant work experience.
- Poorly formatted resume.
- Lack of accomplishments.
- Inconsistent details and information.
- Employment gaps.
- Job hopping.
- You've sold your achievements. ...
- Your responsibilities relate to the job ad. ...
- The language you've used is active, not passive. ...
- You use your skills to give back to society. ...
- You are easy to contact. ...
- Education is included. ...
- It has been reviewed, reviewed, and re-reviewed.
Listing too many short-term jobs on a resume can make you look like a job hopper. In general, you should be aiming for stays of at least 2-3 years in most jobs that you include.What do you call a person with no job experience? ›
fledgling. adjective. without much experience of a job or situation because you are new to it.Why should we hire you? ›
Your skills and qualifications. If you can prove that you've got all the skills that the company is looking for in a candidate, you'll have effectively answered the question. Your passion and motivation. You can highlight how good of a company fit you'd be and how much you love working in your field or industry.How do you say you are inexperienced? ›
The first question that job seekers often ask is whether prospective employers can run background checks for employment history that will show jobs they did not list on their resumes. The answer is no: no central database compiles a list of everywhere you have worked in your life.Do employers hire without interview? ›
First of all, if you are offered a job without an interview, no matter how good you are at what you do, be suspicious. Scammers might try to convince you they need to urgently fill the position but are out of town, too busy, or have another excuse for not talking to you by phone or in person.How far back should a resume go? ›
Generally, experts recommend keeping about 10-15 years of work experience on your resume, but that guidance changes depending on your professional history. Your resume is one of the first things a potential employer sees about you.What should you not put in a resume summary? ›
The most important question to keep in mind is whether your summary is truly adding value. If you're simply repeating information found elsewhere on your resume or your content sounds generic, it's best to leave it off.
Here's how to use Chat GPT to write a resume (and more specifically, your professional summary.) Once you've tailored your resume in the Teal AI Resume Builder, copy the text. For the ChatGPT prompt, say: "Write a professional summary using my resume." Press "Shift" + "Enter."What Word should you avoid using on a resume? ›
- Value add.
- Team player.
- Hard worker.
The chatbot can also help enhance your current resume by optimizing your current text. If you have any questions about how to format your resume and what to include, ChatGPT is able to give you some answers.Does ChatGPT cost money? ›
Yes, ChatGPT can be accessed for free. So, if you are using the free version you can continue to use it without any issues. However, soon there will be a paid “Pro” version of ChatGPT with additional features such as faster response, and access to ChatGPT at peak times, and more improvements will be launched in the US.What do you say when giving a resume? ›
- Greet the person. “ ...
- Tell them what job you are applying for and name the attachments. ...
- Name any personal connections to the job. ...
- Say something about the role, but not too much. ...
- Wish them well. ...
- Tell them you are looking forward to hearing from them. ...
- Sign off.
- “Hard Worker” Sure enough, you are a hard worker. ...
- “Creative” “If you were creative you would find a less vague word to phrase it,” says Samantha Engman, content strategist and career specialist behind Bid4Papers. ...
- “Expert” ...
- “Responsible” ...
Recruiters and hiring managers notice unprofessional resumes and associate them with a lack of attention to detail. Ineffective resumes may include features that distract from the content, or the content itself may be overly wordy, vague, or confusing.What are 5 common mistakes on your resume you should avoid? ›
- Having spelling errors and bad grammar. ...
- Exaggerating the truth. ...
- Poor formatting. ...
- An unoriginal personal profile. ...
- Not focusing on your achievements. ...
- Making your CV too long. ...
- Putting the wrong contact information.
ATS software searches your resume for keywords chosen by employers. The easiest way for a computerized system to identify keywords is by locating words in the resume that directly match the job posting. ATS will scan for words that refer to skills, job titles, and specific credentials or education.How many pages should a resume be? ›
Most resumes should be between one and two pages long. But, some can be three pages or more.What is the meaning of ChatGPT? ›
ChatGPT is an AI chatbot that uses natural language processing to create humanlike conversational dialogue. The language model can respond to questions and compose various written content, including articles, social media posts, essays, code and emails.